Paediatric Eye Care
There is no coordinated eye screening program until 7 years old when children are in formal primary school. By this time intervention for certain condition such as amblyopia (lazy eyes) maybe too late.
The prevalence of amblyopia worldwide is approximately 1%–5%. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 19 million children less than 15 years of age are visually impaired; of those, 12 million are impaired due to uncorrected refractive errors and amblyopia (Lazy eyes).
What are Lazy Eyes?
Amblyopia, commonly known as lazy eye, is the eye condition noted by reduced vision not correctable by glasses or contact lenses and is not due to any eye disease. The brain, for some reason, does not fully acknowledge the images seen by the amblyopic eye. This almost always affects only one eye but may manifest with reduction of vision in both eyes. It is estimated that three percent of children under six have some form of amblyopia.
The lazy eye itself is most effectively treated by occlusion therapy (patching of the good eye). This forces the child to use the weak eye. Early detection is important as it can only be treated in early childhood. As children should have regular eye tests from birth to detect lazy eye.